A translucent-stemmed denizen of loamy woodlands, Canadian Clearweed can carpet an entire area with plants no taller than shin-height. Inconspicuous green flowers (July-August) are outshone by this plant's handsome dark green, shiny foliage. Caterpillar host for Milbert's Tortoise Shell (Nymphalis milberti), Eastern Comma (Polygonia comma), Question Mark (Polygonia interrogationis), and Red Admiral (Vanessa atalanta), butterflies, although its small flowers are wind-pollinated and aren't a big draw for pollinators. An annual which was used medicinally by Native Americans, this plant is in the nettle family, although it has no ability to sting. May spread aggressively by seed in favorable conditions.
Native Range: eastern US through ND and TX, and in Canada east through ON, but does not extend westward from there.
Germination - Easy: Cold stratify 8 weeks.
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