Lovely yellow flowers up to 2 inches across bloom from August through October, looking like miniature Sunflowers. The flowers nod as they age and prepare to produce seed, giving the plant its name. Leaves clasp the stem and turn purple as temperatures cool in the fall. This is a plant of wet areas and can be seen on pond edges and swales. The seeds have barbed hooks that attach to fur and clothing. They are eaten by waterfowl and songbirds, and the flowers attract all manner of native bees, butterflies, and other pollinators. Host plant for several butterflies and moths including the Dainty Sulphur (Nathalis iole), and Goldenrod Stowaway (Cirrhophanus triangulifer).
1-3 foot tall
Plant Hardiness Zones: 3-9
Native Range: Newfoundland across s Canada to the Canadian Rockies, south throughout the US except for MS and FL. Rare in AL, GA, and TX.
Germination - Easy: Cold Stratify 8 weeks
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