Dark green flowering spikelets in June & July mature to dark brown/black - the attractive seed heads persisting into fall, arching leaves up to 0.75" wide and 1.5' long with rough margins alternate up the stems, tolerates periodic to regular inundation in water up to 1' deep, salt tolerant, good rain garden plant, spreads by seed and rhizomes forming colonies, fibrous roots are good for erosion control, clay & sand tolerant, a large plant that needs room to spread, provides cover for birds and muskrats, various wetland birds eat the seeds.
Plant Hardiness Zones: 3b-8a
Native Range: Newfoundland across NB, s QC & ON, and as far west as MT, south to GA, TX, and AZ
Germination - Easy: Cold stratify 9 weeks
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