Yellow male catkins cascade in late spring to accompany the more subtle green female flowers, 2 to 4” leaves provide fantastic yellow fall color, develops rich dark red bark that looks much more like a cherry tree than a birch, leaves & especially twigs produce a strong wintergreen taste & aroma - this plant was once processed commercially for wintergreen oil & root beer flavoring, prefers well-drained soil, host plant for Green Comma Butterfly (Polygonia faunus) caterpillars.
40-50’ tall (10-25’ wide)
Plant Hardiness Zones: 3a-6b
Other names: Black Birch, Cherry Birch
Native Range: s ME, n. NY and c. OH, south through the Appalachians to ne AL
Germination - Difficult: Cold stratify 10 weeks, surface sow covered with fine layer of sterile sand. Move outdoors in early spring. Red light improves germination.
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